1. 唯一神への信仰（Belief in the One and Only God）
This principle of Pancasila reaffirms the Indonesian people’s, belief that God does exist. It also implies that the Indonesian people believe in life after death. It emphasizes that the pursuit of sacred values will lead the people to a better life in the hereafter. The principle is embodied in article 29, Section 1 of the 1945 Constitution and reads: “The state shall be based on belief in the One and Only God”.
2. 公平で文化的な人道主義（Just and Civilized Humanity）
This principle requires that human beings be treated with due regard to their dignity as God’s creatures. It emphasizes that Indonesian people do not tolerate physical or spiritual oppression of human beings by their own people or by any nations.
3. インドネシアの統一（The Unity of Indonesia）
This principle embodies the concept of nationalism, of love for one’s nation and motherland. It envisages the need to always foster national unity and integrity. Pancasila nationalism demands that Indonesians avoid superiority feelings on ethnical grounds, for reasons of ancestry and color of the skin. In 1928, Indonesian youth pledged to have one country, one nation and one language, while the Indonesian coat of arms enshrines the symbol of “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” which means “unity in diversity”. Social differences in daily life should never affect national unity and integrity. Referring to this question, President Soeharto once remarked: “What we should do is to have these differences blend us together in perfect harmony like the beautiful spectrum of the rainbow.”
4. 英知に導かれた協議と代議制による民主主義（Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in the Unanimity Arising Out of Deliberations Amongst Representatives）
On this type of democracy, President Soeharto said: “The democracy that we practice is Pancasila democracy of which the basic principles and legal basis are laid down in the 1945 Constitution.” Pancasila democracy calls for decision-making through deliberations, or musyawarah, to reach a consensus, or mufakat. It is democracy that lives up to the principles of Pancasila. This implies that democratic right must always be exercised with a deep sense of responsibility to God Almighty according to one’s own conviction and religious belief, with respect for humanitarian values of man’s dignity and integrity, and with a view to preserving and strengthening national unity and the pursuit of social justice.
5. インドネシア全人民への社会正義（Social Justice for the Whole of the People of Indonesia）
This principle calls for the equitable spread of welfare to the entire population, not in a static but in a dynamic and progressive way. This means that all the country’s natural resources and the national potentials should be utilized for the greatest possible good and happiness of the people. Social justice implies protection of the weak. But protection should not deny their work. On the contrary, they should work according to their abilities and fields of activity. Protection should prevent willful treatment by the strong and ensure the rule of justice. These are the sacred values of Pancasila which, as a cultural principle, should always be respected by every Indonesian because it is now the ideology of the state and the life philosophy of the Indonesian people.